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              F. CASH PH.D.

Body Image Assessments: BISS

The Body Image States Scale (BISS) is a six-item measure of individuals’ evaluation and affect about their physical appearance at a particular moment in time.  The BISS is acceptably internally consistent.  Evincing its convergent validity, the BISS is appropriately correlated with various trait measures of body image.  It is sensitive to reactions in positive versus negative situational contexts.  Sex differences reflect those expected from the literature.  Construct validity has been confirmed by an experiment on differential reactivity to appearance-related information as a function of level of dysfunctional body-image investment.  The BISS is a unique and much-needed measure with potential utility in both experimental research and clinical work.

Purchasers of the BISS receive the questionnaire and scoring instructions.  Rather than receiving a manual, you are referred to the following published article for more psychometric details on the measure:

  • Cash, T.F., Fleming, E.C., Alindogan, J., Steadman, L., & Whitehead, A.  (2002). Beyond body image as a trait: The development and validation of the Body Image States Scale. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention, 10, 103-113.

If you wish to order and print the BISS and the Scoring Instructions, and you agree to the above terms, CLICK the following link and provide the necessary information as requested. Conditions of use of the BISS are as follows:

  • Period of use is limited to two (2) years.
  • Duplication of copies exceeding 1000 requires the author's written permission.
  • Distribution for use by others is prohibited.
  • Modification of the questionnaire items is prohibited. 
  • Use in online surveys is acceptable if the survey is posted on a restricted site (i.e., not posted on an open website).
  • Any commercial use of the materials, other than use in academic research or clinical practice, is prohibited.
  • Any document (i.e., technical report, thesis, dissertation, or published article) resulting from use of the assessment must include its proper citation.

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